| Charles Albert d'Arnoux (Charles Albert Constant Nicolas Arnoux Limoges Saint-Saens), also known as Bertall (18 December 1820 - 24 March 1882 is an French illustrator, cartoonist and writer. He is known for being one of the most prolific illustrators of the 19th century and one of the pioneers of photography.
Originally destined to study at the École Polytechnique, he chose to study painting and spent several years in the studio of Michel Martin Drolling, after which he decided to devote himself exclusively to illustration and caricature drawing. On the advice of Balzac, he signs his name Bertall, an anagram of his middle name. He married Elizabeth Albertine Césarine Chevalier of the Legion of Honor, February 3, 1875.
He drew for The Picturesque Store , Museum of Families , Children's Week, and the Pink Library . He provided 3,600 drawings for Popular Novels published in 30 volumes between 1849 and 1855. He contributed many caricatures to L'Illustration, Journal Pour Rire and Grelot. He also wrote and illustrated his own texts, among which include The Comedy of Our time and La Vigne.
A pioneer of photography , he collaborated with Hippolyte Bayard beginning in 1855. On his own in 1866, he became a portrait success."